Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Iliotibial band syndrome is very common overuse injury to the knee. The most common symptom is knee pain caused by inflammation of the distal portion of the iliotibial band. The iliotibial band crosses the hip joint and extends distally to insert on the tibias and biceps tendon. In many athlete cases, repetitive flexion and extension of the knee causes the distal iliotibial band to become irritated and inflamed which can result in diffuse lateral knee pain. The iliotibial band is not a muscle or tendon, but a band of tissue that stabilizes the outside or lateral aspect of the knee. The IT band moves forward when the knee is extended or straightened. Under the iliotibial band is a small sac of fluid called a bursa sac. This protects the Iliotibial band from becoming irritated from the underlying femoral epicondyle. When the tendon is overused or irritated from the friction created by the femoral condyle, pain and swelling is produced. Left untreated, the bursa becomes inflammed and thickened so it is not a smooth area for the Iliotibial band to glide across. There are several sports where iliotibial band is common. Running is one sport, because the knee is flexed and extended all the time. Martial arts (particularly the styles that involve kicking), soccer and lacrosse are other sports.
Treatment for iliotibial band syndrome involves rest, ice, NSAID and compression therapy. Strengthening of the muscles around the knee help stabilize the knee. Cortisone injections around the affected area offer immediate relief, but care must be taken to avoid overuse of these types of injections.
The Brace Shop sells a wide variety of knee braces and knee bands including specialized knee braces for iliotibial band sydrome that you can view and sort based on the medical condition you are experiencing. If you would like to view braces for an arthritic knee you can do so at the Brace Shops online store. While there you will see braces for nearly every body part and age group. You can contact the Brace Shop with any questions you have regarding their merchandise.